Meilleur Ouvrier de France: The Finest Craftsmen of France

Meilleur Ouvrier de France: The Finest Craftsmen of France

You may have read about something called Meilleur Ouvrier de France, or perhaps you’ve spotted someone wearing a distinctive red, white, and blue collar. It seems like a Meilleur Ouvrier de France (shortened to MOF) is someone special but you don’t know why.

Let’s take a look.

What is a Meilleur Ouvrier de France?

The phrase means “best craftsman of France” and it is a title bestowed on only the best of the best. Famous title holders include the late chef Paul Bocuse and the chocolatier Jacques Torres, and there are many others.

The MOF was created in 1924 as a way to encourage artisans, as well as to preserve and promote traditional crafts. Awards are made in over 200 categories. Some are well known, like baking and pastry making, while others are more obscure, like boiler making and piano tuning. There’s even one for those who make dentures!

How Do You Become an MOF?

Aspiring MOFs compete in a concours held once every three or four years, depending on the craft. Each competitor is given a set of extremely demanding tasks that require mastery of technique. To win, it is said that competitors must “approach perfection.” And not only are they judged on their result, but also on their methods, speed, and savoir-faire, all while having judges scrutinize their every move.

Photo credit © Kings of Pastry, Facebook

To give you an example of what a concours is like, chefs competing recently in the gastronomy category were given five hours to complete three complicated dishes. Each chef was paired with two young assistants they had never met before, and every dish had to be completed at a precise time. It was pressure city!

The pastry competition can be even more grueling—in 2007, the competitors had to prepare an entire wedding buffet over a three-day period. A film called Kings of Pastry was made about the concours, with all its glory and heartbreak (warning: men sobbing). Here’s the trailer.

The Prize

Unlike other honours, those vying for the MOF are not competing against one another, but rather against a standard of perfection. In any year, every competitor can receive the award — or none can. And it is so hard to become an MOF that fewer than 100 titles are awarded per year — in more than 200 categories.

Those who pass the test receive a medal at a ceremony at the Sorbonne, then are hosted by the French President at the Elysée Palace. Winners are allowed to wear the coveted red, white, and blue collar, an honour so revered that it is illegal to wear it if you aren’t an MOF— offenders can go to jail.

Photo credit © Société nationale des Meilleurs Ouvriers de France, Facebook

The MOF title is granted for life and those who hold it are considered custodians of their craft. They are charged with upholding its standards and passing on their knowledge to those who come after them. One way they do so is by sponsoring the Meilleur Apprentis de France competition (Best Apprentice of France), which is similar to the MOF but for those younger than age 20.

The next time you are looking for the best of the best, whether it’s a cheesemonger or a blacksmith, look for the distinctive tricolor collar of a master craftsman, an MOF.

Photo credit © Société nationale des Meilleurs Ouvriers de France, Facebook

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Keith Van Sickle is a lifelong traveler who splits his time between California and Provence. He is the author of the best-sellers "One Sip at a Time" and "An Insider’s Guide to Provence.” Keith’s observations on life in France can be found on his website

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  •  Brion
    2023-04-18 04:48:49
    You could get to know a messed up heart or you could feel a wrecked heart at the present time.


  • Clotilde Luce
    2021-02-10 18:54:52
    Clotilde Luce
    you should check out the bio of Gregory Usher he was a friend of mine I believe originally from Oregon fell in love with France upon arrival .. and later.. believe it or not would bring back the Cordon Bleu as an international chef study actually housed in the Ritz. Gregory passed away I think mid 90s but I believe he was honored with Meilleur Ouvrier de France. PS I tried to reach out to your staff, to inform you that I referenced France Today in a Letter to the Editor at the Financial Times newspaper. My letter was chosen among their "Letters of the Year" and re published December 20 2020. I referenced France Today, as I had been a regular contributor at one point, entrusted with the Style Column.