The Carrefours of France in San Francisco: Bush and Grant

The Carrefours of France in San Francisco: Bush and Grant

During the 1849-50s Gold Rush, many French people came to San Francisco to find their fortune. It was San Francisco that grew rich with the addition of French culture, and that continuing influence is seen today from many intersections, or carrefours, in the city.

[Related article: Paris of the Pacific, Celebrating San Francisco’s Founding French Community]

The carrefour of Bush Street and Grant Avenue speaks French, Chinese and San Francisco in a hubbub of cars, restaurants, hotels, retail shops, a church and a dragon.

The original name for Grant Avenue was Dupont Street, and it was the main drag of the French Quarter of the 1850s. The enclave paralleled Chinatown, and included what is now two rows of three blocks bordering the Union Square area, down to Montgomery and over to Stockton. Or thereabouts.

Map illustrating the carrefour, or intersection, of Bush and Grant in San Francisco

Map illustrating the carrefour, or intersection, of Bush and Grant in San Francisco. © Nokia, Microsoft

The green Dragon Gate arch that marks the Grant entrance to Chinatown dominates the carrefour. Its low, two-tiered, pagoda-style, green tile roof stands out like a midget between two large buildings. You can’t miss the fierce dragon curled along the top, the fish and roof animals jutting from the roof rims, and large lion statues on each side of the concrete base. The big cats are there to thwart evil spirits.

The entrance to San Francisco's Chinatown

The entrance to San Francisco’s Chinatown. © Martha Sessums

But then the carrefour gets very French. Just a half block from the Dragon Gate on Bush is the Église Notre-Dame-des-Victoires. This chapel-sized church was built in 1956 to commemorate the centennial of Paris’s famous Notre Dame. Citizens of French ancestry in the Bay Area raised the funds for construction. The church’s center arched aisle is a mini-Notre Dame, and services are conducted in French.

Église Notre-Dame-des-Victoires

Église Notre-Dame-des-Victoires in San Francisco. © Martha Sessums

The southeast corner of Bush and Grant could almost be a carrefour in any number of French cities, showcasing French-style hotels, restaurants and retail stores. The oldest French bistro in San Francisco, Le Central, has a sign outside that lists the number of days the cassoulet has been cooking. On my last look, it was 15,018 days, or more than 41 years.

Le Central

courtesy of Le Central

The cassoulet started cooking when the bistro opened in 1974 by Pierre and Claude Cappelle who, according to current co-owners Melanie Tanphanich and her uncle Paul Tanphanich, chose the location because of its proximity to the financial district, the French consulate and the church of Notre Dame des Victoires. The French Consulate has moved a block over to Kearney Street near Market Street, but the French influence continues. Le Central attracts San Francisco’s political elites, including an ex-mayor (often at his reserved window seat looking out over Bush) and many business and social leaders who enjoy the cassoulet.

Next to Le Central is the Hotel des Arts. This boutique hotel showcases contemporary works of emerging artists from around the world. Graffiti, street art, contemporary – it all highlights the diversity of the city location.

Café de la Presse as seen from the Chinatown arch

Café de la Presse as seen from the Chinatown arch. © Philip Mustain

Café de la Presse is a French restaurant that dominates the corner of Bush and Grant. Sidewalk tables line the restaurant and are full– come fog or shine. Waiters dress in white shirts and black vests with a white apron over black pants, looking like many waiters in France. The menu offers both Croque Monsieur and Madame, along with Salade Niçoise, Steak Frites, Foie Gras au Torchon and many other traditional French foods. There is also a newsstand loaded with French and British news, cooking and travel magazines, including France Today.

Avant-Card in San Francisco

Avant-Card in San Francisco. © Martha Sessums

Next to Café de la Presse is Avant-Card, a stationary and card store. Despite being located in San Francisco’s high tech hub, this old-school store makes sending a card or postcard– and writing letters and in journals– very cool. The cards are mostly in English, but some are in French, and they are funny, touching or personal, with beautiful illustrations and photos. Journals and stationary are stylish, often with illustrations of Paris scenes. Books about French fashion are also available. You’d think you were in a boutique stationary store located on Rue St. Martin in the 4th arrondissement.

The Rouge & Blanc café

The Rouge & Blanc café. © Martha Sessums

If you need to sign and address the card you bought, step next door to the Rouge & Blanc café where you can enjoy a glass of wine or cup of coffee. The wine bar also offers whisky and cocktails, and has tables inside and out. Again, available in fog or shine. Relaxed and comfy, it is a place to be by yourself, or meet friends and co-workers. Like many wine bars in France, and you can sit there as long as you like.

The intersection of Bush and Grant in San Francisco

The intersection of Bush and Grant in San Francisco. © Martha Sessums

Located above Café de la Presse, Avant-Card and Rouge et Blanc is the carrefour’s second hotel – the Triton. Opened in 1913, the hotel is known for its “boho chic style,” and features art from local artists in the rooms and the lobby, which opens on Grant. The hotel often has art shows, or vernissages, to highlight the artists and connection to the community.

According to Melanie and Paul Tanphanich of Le Central, the key influence of the carrefour of Bush and Grant is the Church of Notre Dame des Victoires. But if you prefer to have a coffee while reading “Le Parisien” newspaper, or sip a glass of Sancerre while writing in a journal adorned with illustrations of Paris icons, you can’t get much more French than San Francisco’s carrefour at Bush and Grant.

Hotel des Arts

Hotel des Arts. © Martha Sessums

Église Notre-Dame-des-Victoires in San Francisco.

Église Notre-Dame-des-Victoires in San Francisco. © Martha Sessums

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Martha Sessums is the France Today Ambassador for San Francisco. Intrigued by France since her first stroll along the Seine, Martha and her husband often travel to Paris to explore the city and beyond. She lives in the San Francisco Bay Area, delighting in its strong Francophone and French culture community. She was a high-tech public relations executive and currently runs a non-profit continuing education organization.

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  •  Keith Consoer
    2023-07-17 02:58:42
    Keith Consoer
    What was the restaurant on the north east corner of Bush and Grant. It closed in the late 1970 or early 1980.


  • Joy Maguire
    2016-10-08 01:32:21
    Joy Maguire
    NDV was built in 1856 to serve the large French community in San Francisco. Regardless of where many of them live in the Bay Area now, if they were born in the City they were baptized here, probably married and possibly buried from this church as well. NDV is run by the Marist priests originally from France and are not part of the SF Diocese. The French Hospital built around the same time to serve the community was the world's first HMO. The story of the French in San Francisco is much more than a string of French restaurants as good as they might be. The merchants who started the City of Paris and the Whitehouse, the Lalanne family who founded the Ritz Ols Poodle Dog, the chefs at the Palace Hotel, the founder of the first Teamsters union on the West Coast and many more who came here from France, became citizens and helped make San Francisco great


    • Martha Sessums
      2016-10-11 18:59:42
      Martha Sessums
      Joy, you are so right. The French help make San Francisco great, from the Gold Rush days to today's influence that ranges from restaurants to high technology. This is why I love being France Today's Ambassador for San Francisco -- there are so many stories to tell. Thank you. I will add to my list an in-depth story on NDV and the French Hospital. Please check out the story that was a quick overview of San Francisco's French history that has a link at the top of the story -- "Paris of the Pacific." The history is amazing.


  • Cristina Sturm
    2016-10-06 23:36:08
    Cristina Sturm
    Loved the article! However, if I share it on Facebook, no photo shows on the post and the odds anyone will click on the post are low. Can you remedy that?


    • Martha Sessums
      2016-10-11 19:05:07
      Martha Sessums
      Cristina, I'm not sure how to remedy this. Perhaps do a copy and paste of one of the photos in your Facebook post, then add the link to the story, thus doing an independent post from the automatic one that is at the end of the story. Hope this works. Please let me know if you repost. Thanks!


  • Frances Balfour
    2016-10-05 22:00:17
    Frances Balfour
    Eglise Notre Dame des Victoires was built in 1856 and celebrated it's centennial in 1956. The school was opened in 1924. Across the street from the church is Café Claude (on Claude Alley) where you absolutely feel like you're in France and the food is delicious. One block up the hill and there is the small Cornell Hotel with the wonderful Jeanne d'Arc restaurant.


    • Martha Sessums
      2016-10-11 18:51:46
      Martha Sessums
      Thank you, Frances. I did not know about Jeanne d'Arc restaurant. I'll have to check it out. Because of the strong French history/community in San Francisco, there are so many places "where you absolutely feel like you're in France."


  • Dg Blackburn
    2016-10-05 19:24:45
    Dg Blackburn
    Come play petanque with us Sunday, October 16 at 1 PM - 4 PM Justin Herman Plaza Bocce Courts San Francisco, California 94105 20eme Grand Tournoi de Pétanque des Francophones à San Francisco


    • Martha Sessums
      2016-10-11 19:02:06
      Martha Sessums
      Dg -- you're on my list as I write about the carrefours of San Francisco. The pétanque course on the Embarcadero is one of them. I can't make it October 16, but I'll connect with you soon to make a date. Thank you!